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Obesity epidemiology: from aetiology to public health
bookposted on 2010-01-01, 00:00 authored by David CrawfordDavid Crawford, R W Jeffery, Kylie BallKylie Ball, J Brug
Although recognized clinically for some time as an important condition that increases risk of ill-health in affected individuals, it is only recently that obesity had been recognized as a population-wide problem that requires preventive action. Obesity is a major contributor to diseases and disability, the associated health costs are enormous and obesity has already reached epidemic proportions in many countries, and incidence is continuing to increase in children and adults. Disturbingly the epidemic is not confined to developed countries, with many developing countries and those in transition affected. While recognized as a major population health problem, our understanding of the causes of the epidemic is poor, there has been relatively little population-based research that has focused on the prevention of unhealthy weight gain, and as a consequence knowledge regarding how and where best to intervene is limited. This book provides a scholarly text that assists those concerned with understanding prevalence and trends in obesity; its health, social, and economic consequences, the underlying causes of the obesity epidemic, the existing evidence regarding strategies to prevent obesity, and the potential of public health initiatives to impact on the population prevalence of obesity.