Deakin University

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Risks of Carbon Fraud

posted on 2012-12-01, 00:00 authored by Reece WaltersReece Walters, Peter Martin
Carbon credit markets are in the early stages of development and media headlines such as these illustrate emerging levels of concern and foreboding over the potential for fraudulent crime within these markets. Australian companies are continuing to venture into the largely unregulated voluntary carbon credit market to offset their emissions and / or give their customers the opportunity to be ‘carbon neutral’. Accordingly, the voluntary market has seen a proliferation of carbon brokers that offer tailored offset carbon products according to need and taste. With the instigation of the Australian compliance market and with pressure increasing for political responses to combat climate change, we would expect Australian companies to experience greater exposure to carbon products in both compliance and voluntary markets. This paper examines the risks of carbon fraud in these markets by reviewing cases of actual fraud and analysing and identifying contexts where risks of carbon fraud are most likely.



Centre for Crime and Justice, Queensland University of Technology


keywords: carbon fraud, carbon credit markets, carbon emissions, emission trading, carbon commodification

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A5.1 Minor research monograph

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