Deakin University

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The primary health professional education : current models and barriers to participation

posted on 2005-01-01, 00:00 authored by Kevin Mc NamaraKevin Mc Namara, G Duncan, J Marriott, David Prideaux
Continuing Education (CE) for health professionals is a life-long process which endeavours to update or enhance knowledge, refine skills, reinforce professional values and support the delivery of professional practice. It plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of professional competence and in the past decade participation in CE has become an expectation of, rather than an option for, practising health professionals. The time and resources required from organisers and participants in
CE and the need to ensure practical outcomes justifies a review of current models being used for its delivery. This entails an understanding of the purpose of CE, a consideration of how it should be delivered, and the role played by assessment in achieving the goals of CE.
Aim of Report
The overall aim of this study is to identify important considerations and subsequently make recommendations for the development of an ideal model(s) of CE for community pharmacy.
Goals of Report
1. Define CE and its role.
2. Identify and assess current CE delivery models.
3. Examine the current status of continuing education and registration requirements for pharmacists.
4. Identify barriers to participation in CE.
5. Identify components and considerations for developing a model of CE delivery.
The following methods were employed for this project:
1. Literature review
A number of electronic databases were systematically searched in order to profile current trends and concepts in CE. CE structures currently in use were investigated by directly accessing the websites of appropriate associations.
2. Stakeholder interviews
A series of semi-structured interviews were completed with stakeholders from CE delivery organisations across a range of professions including pharmacy.
3. Community pharmacy focus groups
A series of focus group teleconferences were held with groups of pharmacists thought to have distinct CE needs: experienced pharmacists (qualified more than 5 years), recently-qualified pharmacists (5 years or less), rural/remote pharmacists, and pharmacists with specialist training
needs (such as Home Medication Reviews). These focus groups asked about participants’ experiences and opinions in relation to many aspects of CE including its delivery and its assessment.



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Community Pharmacy Research Support Centre (CPRSC)

Place of publication

Canberra, A.C.T.




'May 2005'This project was funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing through the Pharmacy Guild and the Community Pharmacy Research Support Centre. The academic pharmacy position of the chief investigator is funded through the Pharmacy Guild of Australia’s Rural and Remote Pharmacy Workforce Development Program (RRPWDP), also a component of the Third Community Pharmacy Agreement.

Publication classification

A5 Minor research monograph

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