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Environmental friendly textile processing
chapterposted on 2019-01-01, 00:00 authored by A P Periyasamy, S Rwahwire, Yan Zhao
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019. All Rights Reserved. All over the world, environmental considerations are now becoming vital factors during the selection of consumer goods including textiles. However, due to increased awareness of the nature of polluting textiles effluents, social pressures are increasing on textile processing units. Awareness about ecofriendliness in textiles is one of the important issues in recent years since textiles are used next to skin and called the second skin. Owing to the global consumer demand, research is being carried out in the sphere of new ecofriendly technology. Techniques like plasma, biotechnology, ultrasonic, supercritical carbon dioxide, and laser are quite new for the textile industry. There are no harmful chemicals, wet processes, waste water, and mechanical hazards to textiles involved in these techniques, thus offering many advantages against traditional wet techniques. They also have specific action on all types of fibers and textiles. This chapter gives a summary of the pollution generated from the textile industry and various techniques toward to the environmental friendly processing.