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Gendering Security: Violence and Risk in Australia's Night-Time Economies

chapter
posted on 2016-01-01, 00:00 authored by Ian WarrenIan Warren, K Fitz-Gibbon, E McFarlane
Expanding the Gaze is a collection of important new empirical and theoretical works that demonstrate the significance of the gendered dynamics of surveillance.

History

Chapter number

11

Pagination

262-289

ISBN-13

9781442628960

ISBN-10

1442628960

Edition

1

Language

English

Notes

This chapter argues that a flawed conception of security governance directs surveillance primarily towards the major visible populations associated with alcohol-related violence. This form of risk profiling leads to various surveillance deficits that undermine regulation of the private security industry and the NTE more generally. Foucauldian biopolitical theory recognizes that multiple, intersecting, and at times conflicting forms of regulation and surveillance govern modern securitization practices (Senellart, 2007). When surveillance is devoted to curtailing identifiable risks, other meaningful security and surveillance strategies are likely to be overlooked. In Australia’s NTEs, the prevailing regulatory and surveillance focus, which targets violence by young men, has legitimized certain types of technological and human surveillance that have done little to enhance overall levels of security since the mid-1980s, when Australia’s liquor industries began to undergo extensive deregulation (Graham & Homel, 2008; Department of Justice (Victoria), 2009; Zajdow, 2011; Tomsen & Crofts, 2012). The gradual normalization of these processes has led to a highly gendered meaning of security in the NTE that wrongly equates harm reduction with more rather than better surveillance. These processes have been backed by increasingly punitive criminal penalties for alcohol- and drug-fuelled violence.

Publication classification

B1 Book chapter, B Book chapter

Copyright notice

2016, University of Toronto Press

Extent

11

Editor/Contributor(s)

van der Meulen E, Heynan R

Publisher

University of Toronto Press

Place of publication

Toronto, Canada

Title of book

Expanding the gaze: gender and the politics of surveillance