hirst-implicationsoffuture-2013.pdf (925.84 kB)
Implications of future climate for marine fish
chapterposted on 2013-01-01, 00:00 authored by Alastair Hirst, P Hamer
Climate change has already been linked to significant impacts on Earth's ocean ecosystems including shifts in species geographic ranges, changes in population abundance, shits in timing of seasonal events, and establishment of introduced species (Walter et al. 2002, Parmesan and Yohe 2003). Global climate modelling for the Australian region has identified south-eastern Australia as the area that will be subject to the greatest impacts from climatic change (Lough 2009). The major changes predicted include warming of air and water, changes to wind patterns, changes to the strength and southerly extent of dominant oceanic currents flowing down the east and west coasts of Australia, changes to rainfall and run-off (distribution, timing and intensity), increasing ocean acidification, increasing exposure to UV light and sea level rise (Lough and Hobday 2011). Victorian species may be at greater risk than species in other areas of Australia, because Victorian marine waters are in a zone of predicted high climate change (Johnson et al. 2011, Wernberg et al. 2011).