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Iran’s Syrian foreign policy objectives

chapter
posted on 2016-01-01, 00:00 authored by Shahram AkbarzadehShahram Akbarzadeh
Iran’s revolutionary history, antagonism toward the West, and threatening regional postures suggest a “constructivist” foreign policy interpretation, emphasizing irrational Islamist zeal. Yet Iran’s external actions are inconsistent. Iran had categorically defended President Bashar al-Assad as part of the “axis of resistance.” This chapter reflects on incumbent President Rouhani’s efforts to redirect Iran’s priorities, easing tensions with the West through nuclear negotiations alongside exploring a shift on Syria. Yet conservative critics, a hostile international environment, and competing power centers constrained major policy changes. Domestic pressure and diplomatic setbacks stymied Rouhani’s approach, reinforcing familiar ideological foundations. While Iran’s foreign policy may not be immutable, change may only be possible when favorable internal and external factors relax the ideological framework within which policy is designed and carried out.

History

Title of book

The Arab world and Iran: a turbulent region in transition

Series

Middle East today

Chapter number

8

Pagination

127 - 143

Publisher

Palgrave Macmillan

Place of publication

New York, N.Y.

ISBN-13

978-1-137-56124-4

Language

eng

Publication classification

B1 Book chapter

Copyright notice

2016, The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)

Extent

11

Editor/Contributor(s)

A Saikal