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Neurophysiology of insects using microelectrode arrays: Current trends and future prospects
chapterposted on 2014-01-01, 00:00 authored by Julie Gaburro, J B Duchemin, Asim BhattiAsim Bhatti, P Walker, Saeid NahavandiSaeid Nahavandi
Simple to complex behaviors are directed by the brain, which possess nervous cells, called neurons. Mammals have billions of neurons, organized in networks, making their study difficult. Although methods have well evolved since the last century, studying a simpler model is the key to resolving neuronal communication. In this review, we demonstrate that insects are an excellent model and tool to understand neural mechanisms. Moreover, new technology, such as Microelectrodes Arrays (MEAs), is an innovative method which opens the possibility to study neuron clusters, rather than individual cells. A combined method of an insect model and MEAs technology may lead to great discoveries in neurophysiology, advancing progress in pharmacology, infectious and neurodegenerative diseases, agriculture maintenance and robotics.