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Next generation membranes for membrane distillation and future prospects
chapterposted on 2015-01-01, 00:00 authored by Ludovic DumeeLudovic Dumee, S Smart, M C Duke, S R Gray
This chapter presents the most recent advances in membrane materials technology and module configurations for membrane distillation (MD), as well as their novel applications. The impact of the material morphology, surface energy, and pore structure on MD performance is discussed. The differences between hollow fibres and flat sheet membrane materials are also examined and promising novel structures or module configurations reviewed. In addition, novel materials and module configuration strategies are also identified that may lead to superior MD systems. Also, this chapter identifies current gaps where further work may lead to ongoing improvements to MD.