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Peri-gondwanan permian correlations : the meso-tethyan margins

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posted on 2002-01-01, 00:00 authored by Neil Archbold
Correlations of the Permian sequences for sixteen regions of north eastern Gondwana during the Permian are presented in this review. These correlations are compared with Permian sequences of the Australian continent. Broad conclusions on palaeoclimatic change and tectonic events are summarised for six time intervals of the Permian Period.

The Asselian-Sakmarian-early Artinskian time interval indicates a change from cold to temperate depositional environments. Glacial deposits and low diversity Gondwanan marine faunas are succeeded by younger, warmer water, clastic and bioclastic sequences with moderately diverse marine faunas. Deposition of these sequences is occasionally associated with basaltic volcanism and initial rifting of the peripheral northern Gondwanan margin.

During the Late Artinskian-Kungurian (including Early Ufimian) time interval, climate amelioration occurred with the onset of carbonate deposition in several Cimmerian terranes. Basaltic volcanism in several terranes is indicative of significant rifting and the opening of the Meso-Tethys.

The Roadian (Late Ufimian) and Wordian-Capitanian (including Kazanian-Midian) time intervals were characterised by widespread, subtropical, marine carbonate depositional sequences. These occurred throughout the Cimmerian blocks as they drifted northward and on the more northerly parts of the Meso-Tethyan southern margin. These transgressive sequences may rest on significant unconformity surfaces. Equivalent carbonate units are known in the offshore and subsurface sequences of western Australia. Andesitic, convergent plate margin volcanism and volcaniclastic sequences are present in eastern Australia.

The Wuchiapingian time slice is characterised by widespread marine transgressions which extended into the north western basins of Australia.

The Changhsingian time slice is represented by relatively minor marine transgressive events in the Trans-Himalaya with the Selong section of Tibet being probably the most complete Permo-Triassic sequence for the southern margin of the Meso-Tethys.

History

Title of book

Sedimentary basins of Western Australia 3 : proceedings of the petroleum exploration society of Australia symposium, Perth, WA, 2002

Chapter number

9

Pagination

223 - 236

Publisher

PESA

Place of publication

Perth, W.A.

ISBN-13

9780958844031

ISBN-10

0958844038

Language

eng

Publication classification

B1 Book chapter

Extent

55

Editor/Contributor(s)

M Keep, S Moss

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