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Physical activity and exercise in the maintenance of the adult skeleton and the prevention of osteoporotic fractures

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posted on 2013-01-01, 00:00 authored by D Taaffe, Robin DalyRobin Daly, H Suominen, D Galvao, K Bolam
In the prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporoticrelated fractures, strategies aimed at maximizing peak bone mass during childhood and adolescence; maintaining or attenuating bone loss during the adult years; and increasing or preserving muscle mass, strength, power, and function are all considered critical. To this end, physical activity and exercise are recognized as important modifiable lifestyle variables that can strengthen the skeleton and muscles and reduce the risk of falls and subsequent fracture, as well as enhance quality of life... 

This chapter provides an overview of the changes in the adult skeleton with age; the scientific basis for physical activity and exercise as a strategy to maintain or enhance skeletal integrity; the role of various modes of physical activity/exercise to augment bone mass, geometry, and strength; the antifracture efficacy of physical activity and exercise; and exercise recommendations for optimizing musculoskeletal health and reducing the risk of fracture during adulthood and old age.

History

Chapter number

29

Pagination

683-719

ISBN-13

9780123982520

ISBN-10

0123982529

Language

eng

Publication classification

B1 Book chapter

Copyright notice

2013, Elsevier

Extent

87

Editor/Contributor(s)

Marcus R, Feldman D, Dempster D, Luckey M, Cauley J

Publisher

Elsevier

Place of publication

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Title of book

Osteoporosis

Series

4th Edition

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