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Physical, chemical and tensile properties of cashmere, mohair, alpaca, and other rare animal fibers

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posted on 2018-01-03, 00:00 authored by Bruce McGregor
The chapter introduces animal fibres other than sheep wool. These fibres include cashmere, mohair, qiviut (musk ox), alpaca, llama, vicuña, guanaco, Bactrian camel, yak, bison and angora (rabbit). Building on the information for wool in the previous chapter the differences in the chemical and physical properties of rare animal fibres are summarised. The importance of different cuticle scale properties and the presence of medulla on fibre properties such as lustre and friction, textile manufacturing especially dehairing, and textile quality are described. Tensile properties of raw fibre, dehaired slivers, tops, yarns and fabrics are summarised particularly for mohair, cashmere and alpaca. The effect of physical properties on the softness, feltability and dyeing responses of these fibres are examined.

History

Title of book

Handbook of properties of textile and technical fibres

Series

Textile Institute book series

Chapter number

4

Pagination

105 - 136

Publisher

Woodhead Publishing

Place of publication

Duxford, Eng.

ISBN-13

9780081012727

Edition

2nd

Language

English

Publication classification

B1 Book chapter

Copyright notice

2018, Elsevier Ltd

Extent

24

Editor/Contributor(s)

A Bunsell

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