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Social networks analysis in agricultural economies

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posted on 2021-01-01, 00:00 authored by Z Barnett-Howell, Ahmed MobarakAhmed Mobarak
There is a set of social connections linking individuals, households, and villages which structure the flow of economic goods and information. The connections form broad networks that serve as conduits of information and goods, substituting for state institutions in agricultural economies where formal government services may be lacking or entirely absent. The close familial and social ties between individuals and households that underpin economic and social relations leads to instances where the choices made by a single person or household can spill over into the choices and outcomes of others. Understanding the way in which people form social ties, and then how these networks behave on larger scales can lend insight into the determinants and outcomes of a wide range of social and economic behavior. This chapter details the basis of network theory and its appropriate applications. It comprises models of network formation, directed and undirected networks, and diffusion and aggregation models. It describes the data necessary to estimate models of network formation and network statistics, data typically generated through the use of census surveys or estimates derived using aggregated relational data. Prominent examples of network analysis include the study of the transmission of information within agrarian societies, the impact of microfinance institutions on network structure, risk-sharing networks, migration, and technology adoption. The chapter concludes with caveats on the application of network theory, including questions as feasibility of network-based targeting, and the limited amount of data available to researchers.

History

Volume

5

Chapter number

84

Pagination

4613-4652

ISSN

1574-0072

ISBN-13

9780323915014

Publication classification

B1.1 Book chapter

Extent

84

Editor/Contributor(s)

Barrett CB, Just DR

Publisher

Elsevier

Place of publication

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Title of book

Handbook of Agricultural Economics

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