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"They can't just google the correct answer": personalising science learning in an open-plan secondary school
chapterposted on 2015-01-01, 00:00 authored by Vaughan PrainVaughan Prain, B Waldrip, V Lovejoy
Enhancing students’ interest in and learning from school science experiences has remained a challenge for decades in many countries (DeWitt, Osborne, Archer, Dillon, Willis, & Wong, 2013; Duit, 2007; Tytler, 2007). This challenge is variously attributed to: (a) too much didactic teaching that casts students as reluctant bystanders tasked with memorising expert claims, (Duit & Treagust, 1998; Osborne & Dillon, 2008; Lyons, 2006); (b), a disconnect between official science curricula and students’ everyday worlds and interests (Aikenhead, 1996); and (c) lack of teacher familiarity with current scientific agendas, discoveries and methods (Chubb, 2014). Proposed and enacted solutions include: changes to the content, purposes and physical settings for learning (Duschl, 2008; Sadler, 2004; Tytler, 2007); integration with other subjects (Freeman, Marginson, & Tytler, 2015); more links with practising scientists (Chubb, 2014); more use of virtual resources (Linn, Davis & Bell, 2013), and increased explicit focus on opportunities for students to use these and other resources as reasoning tools for learning in this subject (Lehrer & Schuable, 2006; Tytler, Prain, Hubber & Waldrip, 2013).