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A family-sized greenhouse for a remote mountain region of Nepal
conference contributionposted on 2012-01-01, 00:00 authored by A Sawyer, Robert Fuller
Food security is a significant issue in the remote, high altitude areas of Nepal. Malnutrition is common because the harsh climate restricts production and access to fresh food. Humla is a province in north-west Nepal where the severe weather conditions and limited arable land restrict the growing season of vegetables to only 4-5 months a year. Passive solar greenhouses are a technology that can be used to extend the growing period of vegetables. For the greenhouse to be effective in Humla, the design must be appropriate to the climatic conditions, available resources and the social requirements of the community. This paper describes the design and evaluation of a family-sized solar greenhouse proposed for Humla. Three solar greenhouses built in other high altitude areas have initially been reviewed to see what techniques might be replicated in Humla. The thermal performance of the proposed family-sized greenhouse has been predicted using the solar simulation software, TRNSYS, and compared against an existing design in the area. The proposed design was found to be superior and average night-time temperatures in the coldest month were predicted to be approximately 7°C higher. Overheating was controlled in the hottest month by shading and natural ventilation.