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A novel pseudonoise sequence for time-spread echo based audio watermarking
conference contributionposted on 2009-01-01, 00:00 authored by Iynkaran NatgunanathanIynkaran Natgunanathan, Yong XiangYong Xiang
This paper deals with the problem of digital audio watermarking using echo hiding. Compared to many other methods for audio watermarking, echo hiding techniques exhibit advantages in terms of relatively simple encoding and decoding, and robustness against common attacks. The low security issue existing in most echo hiding techniques is overcome in the timespread echo method by using pseudonoise (PN) sequence as a secret key. In this paper, we propose a novel sequence, in conjunction with a new decoding function, to improve the imperceptibility and the robustness of time-spread echo based audio watermarking. Theoretical analysis and simulation examples illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed sequence and decoding function.