Deakin University

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Achieving integrated sustainability through work stress reduction with biophilic office design

conference contribution
posted on 2019-01-01, 00:00 authored by Abdul-Manan SadickAbdul-Manan Sadick, Imriyas KamardeenImriyas Kamardeen
The thesis that incorporating nature elements like plants and green walls within workplaces is likely to enhance employees’ well-being and performance has resulted in a plethora of studies. However, most of
these studies have focused on direct or indirect nature exposure and either its social or economic impacts. There is therefore limited understanding of how different types of nature exposure collectively contributes to social and economic sustainability through workplace design. The aim of this paper is to present an integrated framework for achieving sustainability through employees’ exposure to nature within office work environments. A systematic review process was employed in this study, which retrieved relevant peer-reviewed journal articles from the multidisciplinary scientific research database, Scopus, using several keyword combinations. Findings of the review suggest that the impact of different types of nature exposure are complementary and can be leveraged to optimise employees’ well-being and work performance. The proposed integrated sustainability framework has three levels including environment (direct and indirect nature exposure), social (indoor air quality, thermal comfort and enhanced relaxation) and economic (employee performance and productivity). This conceptual framework should be of interest to workplace researchers, designers and employers looking to leverage nature exposure to optimise employees’ well-being and performance.



Australasian Universities Building Education Association. Conference (43rd : 2019 : Noosa, Queensland)


724 - 732


Central Queensland University


Noosa, Qld.

Place of publication

North Rockhampton, Qld.

Start date


End date






Publication classification

E1 Full written paper - refereed


Xianbo Zhao, Pushpitha Kalutara, Ronald Webber

Title of proceedings

AUBEA 2019: Proceedings of the 43rd Australasian Universities Building Education Association Confrerence : Built to Thrive: creating buildings and cities that support individual well-being and community prosperity

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