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Bloods, Crips and Southern Cross Soldiers: we are all gangbangers now!

conference contribution
posted on 2012-01-01, 00:00 authored by Amelia Johns
This paper presents findings from the author's PhD thesis exploring violent youth subcultures in Australia. It addresses whether growing uncertainties around issues of cultural identity and belonging in an era of risk has produced more defensive models of DIY youth culture at a local scale. Theoretically, the author examines whether globalisation has unsettled normative youth subject positions associated with the nation-state, problematising conventional logics of youth cultural formation (i.e. which view questions of race and racism through a white/black, mainstream/subculture binary). As Beck (1992;1999) argues, the de-bounding influence of globalisation has led to an ambivalent set of relations where forms of youth identity have become freed from the nation-state and class based forms of community and must be self-organised. In particular, he argues that this has produced cosmopolitan subjects and social movements as well as ‘counter-modern’ subjects and cultures. This paper applies Beck’s theories alongside theories focused on global/local influences on youth culture to an ethnographic study of two violent youth subcultures in Australia, these being the white ‘patriotic’ youth formation which emerged in the Cronulla riots and youth gang formations in Melbourne’s western suburbs. In doing so the author examines the extent to which violent youth subcultures in Australia can be regarded as strategic responses intended to restore forms of collective cultural belonging at a local scale vis a vis ‘the global’ and its destabilizing influences.

History

Event

Youth Cultures Conference (2012 : Brisbane, Qld.)

Pagination

1 - 1

Publisher

Griffith University

Location

Brisbane, Qld.

Place of publication

Brisbane, Qld.

Start date

2012-11-22

End date

2012-11-24

Language

eng

Publication classification

E2.1 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed

Copyright notice

2012, Griffith University

Title of proceedings

YCC 2012 : Youth Cultures, belongings, transitions: bridging the gap in youth research : Proceedings of the Youth Cultures Conference 2012

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