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Discovering the effects of omega-6 fatty acids on allergy using a HEK-Blue cell line
conference contributionposted on 2014-09-01, 00:00 authored by Nayyar Ahmed, Cenk SuphiogluCenk Suphioglu
In recent times, allergy has become a financial, physical and psychological burden to the society as a whole. Allergic reactions can result in life-threatening situations causing morbidity and high economic cost. Therefore, more effective reagents are needed for allergy treatment. Omega-6 fatty acids have gained attention in allergic studies mainly due to their inflammatory properties. Literature suggests that a causal relationship exists between the intake of omega-6 fatty acids such as DPA and AA and atopic individuals suffering from allergies. In an allergic cascade, cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 bind to IL-4 receptor (IL-4R), which activates the STAT6 phosphorylation pathway leading to gene activation of allergen-specific IgE production by B cells. Consequently, IgE production leads to clinical symptoms of allergy. The overall aim of this study is to characterise DPA and AA and their effects on IgE production.