Deakin University
Browse
frederick-entrepreneurshipandeconomic-2005.pdf (49.13 kB)

Entrepreneurship and economic growth : why is New Zealand an outlier? A preliminary analysis

Download (49.13 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2005-01-01, 00:00 authored by Howard Frederick
The literature indicates that entrepreneurship and economic growth are closely and positively associated. For four years running, New Zealand has had the developed world’s highest rate of “Total Entry-Level Entrepreneurial Activity” (Acs et al. 2005; Frederick et al. 2004; Reynolds et al., 2004), yet it has slid to the lower ranks in the OECD in measures of economic development. At its level of entrepreneurial activity, New Zealand should have a higher level of economic development if it were to emulate other countries.

We make use of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data set, including nascent entrepreneurship rates for 45 countries over the 2000-2004 period as well as variables from standardised national statistics.

The paper uses two approaches. This research first finds evidence for “U-shaped curve” associating entrepreneurship with economic growth. It notes that New Zealand has the greatest deviation from this association compared to other developed countries with similar entrepreneurial rates (e.g. United States, Australia and Iceland). The second approach looks at nascent entrepreneurship as a function of non-economic conditions such as technology, demography, culture and institutions.

This short paper develops the hypotheses and carries out the “U-shaped curve” test. For the time being it leaves the factor analysis of non-economic conditions for another opportunity.

History

Event

Creating an entrepreneurial nation : the role of enterprise and innovation : Enterprise and Innovation Research Conference (2005 : Hamilton, N.Z.)

Publisher

University of Waikato

Location

Hamilton, N.Z.

Place of publication

Hamilton, N.Z.

Start date

2005-07-07

End date

2005-07-08

ISBN-13

9780476014022

ISBN-10

0476014026

Language

eng

Publication classification

E1.1 Full written paper - refereed

Copyright notice

2005, University of Waikato

Editor/Contributor(s)

D Clark

Title of proceedings

Proceedings of the 2005 Enterprise and Innovation Research Conference

Usage metrics

    Research Publications

    Categories

    No categories selected

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC