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Large-scale electrospinning of polymer nanofibers using needleless nozzle

conference contribution
posted on 2009-01-01, 00:00 authored by Xin Wang, Haitao Niu, Xungai Wang, Tong Lin
In this study, we have demonstrated that a rotating metal wire coil can be used as a nozzle to electrospin nanofibers on a large-scale. Without using any needles, the rotating wire coil, partially immersed in a polymer solution reservoir, can pick up a thin layer of charged polymer solution and generate a large number of nanofibers from the wire surface simultaneously. This arrangement significantly increases the nanofiber productivity. The fiber productivity was found to be determined by the coil dimensions, applied voltage and polymer concentration. The dependency of fiber diameter on the polymer concentration showed a similar trend to that for a conventional electrospinning system using a syringe needle nozzle, but the coil electrospun fibers were thinner with narrower diameter distribution. The profiles of electric field strength in the coil electrospinning was calculated and showed concentrated electric field intensity on the wire surface.

History

Event

Textile Research Symposium (38th : 2009 : Susono City, Japan)

Pagination

117 - 122

Publisher

Textile Research Symposium

Location

Susono City, Japan

Place of publication

Susono City, Japan

Start date

2009-09-03

End date

2009-09-05

Language

eng

Publication classification

E2 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed

Title of proceedings

Proceedings of the 38th Textile Research Symposium 2009

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