File(s) under permanent embargo

Morphological evolution of nanofibers during electrospinning

conference contribution
posted on 2008-01-01, 00:00 authored by Jian Fang, Hong WangHong Wang, Haitao Niu, Tong Lin, Xungai WangXungai Wang
Electrospinning is a very useful technique to produce polymeric nanofibers. It involves fast-drawing a polymer fluid into nanofibers under a strong electric filed, and depositing randomly on an electrode collector to form non-woven nanofiber mat in most cases [1]. The fibre stretching during electrospinning is a fast and incessant process which can be divided into three consecutive stages: jet initiation, whipping instability and fibre deposition. From the initial jet to dry fibres, the fibre stretching takes place in milliseconds, so it has been hardly so far to observe fiber morphology changes by any normal methods, such as high speed photography [2-5]. In this study, we used a facile and practical approach to realize the observation of nanofiber morphology changes during electrospinning. Through a special collection device with coagulation bath, newly electrospun nanofibers can be solidified at different electro spinning distances, and by associating the fiber morphology with the electrospinning distance (d), the morphological evolution of nanofibers can be established. We used polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and polystyrene (PS) as two model polymers to demonstrate this method in present research. From experimental results, we found the massive jet-thinning happens at the initial stage of the process. The formation of uniform PAN nanofibers (7%) and the beads structure changes on beads-on-string PAN nanofibers (5%) have also been successful observed. Using the same method, we also observed PS nanofiber (10%) morphology changes to understand the beads formation 011 nanofibers during electrospinning process, and how the beads was eliminated when ionic surfactant is added into the PS solution for electrospinning.



The IUPAC-Sponsored International Symposium on Macro- and Supramolecular Architectures and Materials : Synthesis, Properties and Applications (4th : 2008 : Dusseldorf, Germany)


171 - 172




Dusseldorf, Germany

Place of publication

Dusseldorf, Germany

Start date


End date







Conference website :

Publication classification

E3 Extract of paper

Copyright notice

2008, Wiley


H Ritter, K Geckeler, M Tabatabai

Title of proceedings

MAM 2008 : Macro- and Supramolecular Architectures and Materials : Synthesis, Properties and Applications : Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium

Usage metrics