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Nanocrystalline body-centred cubic beta-titanium alloy processed by high-pressure torsion

conference contribution
posted on 2009-12-01, 00:00 authored by Wei XuWei Xu, X Wu, R B Figueiredo, M Stoica, M Calin, J Eckert, T G Langdon, K Xia
Processing by high-pressure torsion at room temperature was employed to achieve a uniform nanostructure in a metastable Ti67.4Nb 24.6Zr5Sn3 bcc β alloy with grains of ∼20-60 nm after five turns. By comparison, there was an ultrafine grain structure after equal-channel angular pressing at 903 K. The majority of refined grains were identified as bcc β-titanium with the presence of a small fraction of orthorhombic α″ martensite. It is proposed that the pronounced grain refinement is facilitated by a stress-/straininduced β → α″ martensitic transformation. However, the presence of a large fraction of β phase in the high-pressure torsion processed samples is attributed to a reverse α″ -→ β martensitic transformation stimulated by the applied shear stress and the inhibition effect of the nanoscale grains on martensite formation. © Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH & Co. KG.







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Publication classification

EN.1 Other conference paper

Title of proceedings

International Journal of Materials Research