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Superhydrophobic fabrics prepared by silica coating

conference contribution
posted on 2008-01-01, 00:00 authored by Tong Lin, Hong WangHong Wang, Jian Fang, Xungai WangXungai Wang
In this work, a silica sol prepared by co-hydrolysis and co-condensation of TEGS (Tetraethylrthosilicate) and alkyl silane under alkaline condition was applied to polyester, wool, and cotton fabrics. The water contact angle measurement indicated considerable increase in the surface hydrophobicity of the sol-treated fabrics. Five different alky silanes were used, namely methyltritthoxysilane (MTES), pheryl triethoxysilane (PTES), n-octyltricthoxysilane (OTES), hexadecyl trimethoxysilan (HDTMS), and tridecafluorooctyl triethoxysilane (FAS), and the water contact anglc (CA) for the coated fabrics ranged between 1300 and 174°. The alkyl silane used influenced the CA valuc, and the silica coating from FAS, HDTMS and PTES snowed CA value greater than ISO', indicating the formation of superhydrophobicity. The fabric coated by the fluorinated silica (TEOS/FAS) has a water contact angle as high as 174°. The treated polyester fabric showed a slightly higher CA value than the wool and cotton fabrics, under the same coating condition.
The coating surface was characterized by SEM, EDX, TEM, FTlR, XPS and AFM. The results showed that silica nanoparticles with thc sizc in the range of 50-ISOnm werc formed in the cohydrolyzed silica sol, and these particles had a core-shell structure with many alkyl groups gathering on the surface region. The formation of superhydrophobic surface was attributed to the nano-structured surface coating with a low surface energy.



The Fiber Society Spring Conference (2008 : Mulhouse, France)


48 - 49


The Fiber Society


Universite de Haute Alsace, France

Place of publication

Mulhouse, France

Start date


End date





Presented at the conference by Tong Lin.

Publication classification

EN Other conference paper

Copyright notice

2008, Fiber Society

Title of proceedings

Proceedings of the Fiber Society Spring Conference 2008

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