Deakin University
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Takeaway food consumption, diet quality and abdominal obesity in young adults

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conference contribution
posted on 2008-01-01, 00:00 authored by K Smith, S McNaughton, S Gall, C Blizzard, T Dwyer, A Venn
Background - Takeaway food consumption is associated with a higher BMI and poorer diet quality in the USA but little is known about the association in Australians.
Objective - To examine if takeaway food consumption is associated with abdominal obesity and poorer diet quality in young Australian adults.
Design - A national sample of 1,277 men and 1,585 women aged 26-36 completed a self-administered questionnaire on demographic and lifestyle factors, a 127 item food frequency questionnaire, and usual frequency of fruit, vegetable and takeaway food consumption. Dietary intake was compared with the dietary recommendations of the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. A pedometer was worn for seven days. Waist circumference was measured and moderate abdominal obesity was defined as ≥94 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women. Prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated using log binomial regression with eating takeaway food once a week or less as the reference group.
Outcomes - Consumption of takeaway food twice a week or more was reported by more men (37.9%) than women (17.7%). Participants eating takeaway food at least twice a week were less likely to meet the guidelines for vegetables (P<0.05 men and women), fruit (P<0.001 men and women), dairy (P<0.01 men and women), extra foods (P=0.001 men and women), breads and cereals (P<0.05 men only), lean meats and alternatives (P<0.05 women only) and overall met significantly fewer dietary guidelines (P<0.001 men and women) than participants eating takeaway less than twice per week. After adjusting for confounding variables (age, physical activity, TV viewing, and employment status) consuming takeaway food twice a week or more was associated with a 31% higher prevalence of moderate abdominal obesity in men (PR 1.31; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.61) and a 25% higher prevalence in women (PR 1.25; 95% CI: 1.04, 1.50).
Conclusion - Eating takeaway food twice a week or more was associated with poorer diet quality and a higher prevalence of moderate abdominal obesity in both young men and young women.



Nutrition Society of Australia Scientific Meeting (2008 : Adelaide, S.Aust.)


HEC Press


Adelaide, S.Aust.

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[Adelaide, S.Aust]

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Conference Website : The extract of this paper has been published in : Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 17, No. 3, 2008.

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E3 Extract of paper

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2008, HEC Press

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NSA 2008 : Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia Annual Scientific Meeting

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