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The impact of textile wet colouration on the environment in 2011

conference contribution
posted on 2011-01-01, 00:00 authored by Christopher HurrenChristopher Hurren, Qing Li, Xungai Wang
Wet textile colouration has the highest environmental impact of all textile processing steps. It consumes water, chemicals and energy and produces liquid, heat and gas waste streams. Liquid effluent streams are often quite toxic to the environment. There are a number of different dyeing processes, normally fibre type specific, and each has a different impact on the environment. This research investigated the energy, chemical and water requirements for the exhaust colouration of cotton, wool, polyester and nylon. The research investigated the liquid waste biological and chemical oxygen demand, salinity, pH and colour along with the energy required for drying after colouration. Polyester fibres had the lowest impact on the environment with lowest water and energy consumption in dyeing, good dye bath exhaustion, the lowest salinity levels in their effluent, relatively neutral pH effluent and low energy in drying. The wool and nylon had similar dye bath requirements and outputs however the nylon could be dyed at far lower liquor ratios and hence provided better energy and water use figures. The cotton and wool required high energy consumption in drying after colouration. Cotton performed poorly in all of the measured parameters.



International Conference on Eco-Dyeing/Finishing and Green Chemistry (2011 : Hangzhou, China)


105 - 105




Hangzhou, China

Place of publication

[Hangzhou, China]

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End date




Publication classification

E3 Extract of paper

Title of proceedings

EDFGC 2011 : Abstracts of the International conference on eco-dyeing and finishing and green chemistry

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