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Transparent uv-shielding films from organic small molecule-intercalated layered double hydroxide nanoplatelets/polymer composite
conference contributionposted on 2010-01-01, 00:00 authored by Yan Zhao, W Yang, Y Xue, Xungai Wang, Tong Lin
In this study, layered double hydroxide (LDH) with nitrate as the interlayer anion has been partially exfoliated in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed that both the lateral size and the thickness of the LDH nanoplatelets were decreased after DMSO treatment. Formation of transparent LDH suspension in DMSO was observed. Taking this advantage, we have prepared transparent LDH/ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) nanocomposite films using DMSO as the processing solvent. Organic small molecules, UV absorbers, were intercalated into the LDH interlayers to incorporate the UV-shielding property into the transparent composite films. The thermal stability of UV absorbers was considerably improved after intercalation, which was attributed to the electrostatic interaction between the guest UV absorbers and the host LDH layers. The prepared composite films were flexible and exhibited excellent UV-shielding capability, but had transmittance as high as 90% in the visible region. The effect of LDH filler on thermal and mechanical properties of the composite films was also examined.