File(s) under permanent embargo

Wages, career progression, training and work family policies : an integrated approach to explaining gender discrimination

conference contribution
posted on 2005-01-01, 00:00 authored by D Buttigieg, P Gahan
While the Equal Employment Opportunities (EEO) literature suggests that considerable progress has been made towards addressing gender-based discrimination (primarily through legal instruments), direct and indirece forms of discrimination persist and tend to be perpetuated through organisational practices (Tomaskovic-Devey 2001). Women are still receive less remuneration than men and are disadvantaged with respect to fundamental entitlements such as promotion and training and education. Furthermore, as more women enter employment the issue of work and family balance has become an organisational priority. There is a large body of research literature in the disciplines of economics, sociology, industrial relations, human resource management, organisational studies and public administration that examines the sources, nature and extent of gender-based discrimination in labour markets. This paper seeks to integrate this literature by taking a multi-disciplinary approach to the problem of women, EEO and discrimination. It is argued that our understanding of discrimination is greatly enhanced by theories and models that incorporate both economic and organisational explanations. Furthermore, it is argued that discrimination in terms of promotion, pay and training are endogenous. That is, the interrelationship between these variables needs to be taken into account simultaneously to accurately estimate the degree of direct and indirect discrimination that women face. The paper provides a review of the literature on the key themes of pay equity, career progression, education and training and work-family policy, and seeks to provide a synthesis of key themes. Emerging from this literature are a number of testable hypotheses. The paper concludes with suggestions for future research.



Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management (19th : 2005 : Canberra, A.C.T.)


1 - 9




Canberra, A.C.T.

Place of publication

Canberra, A.C.T.

Start date


End date








Publication classification

E1 Full written paper - refereed

Copyright notice

2005, ANZAM


D Davies, G Fisher, R Hughes

Title of proceedings

ANZAM 2005 : Engaging the multiple contexts of management : convergence and divergence of management theory and practice : proceedings of the 19th ANZAM conference

Usage metrics