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Work alienation and organizational leadership

conference contribution
posted on 2002-12-01, 00:00 authored by J C Sarros, George TanewskiGeorge Tanewski, R P Winter, J C Santora, I L Densten
This study examines the extent to which a leader's behaviour (i.e. transactional and transformational styles) and aspects of an organization's structure (i.e. centralization, formalization dimensions) directly and/or indirectly relate to elements of work alienation (i.e. powerlessness, meaninglessness, self estrangement). The study utilized structural equation modeling techniques to estimate the goodness of fit of a leadership-organizational structure-work alienation model based on the responses of personnel in a major US eastern seaboard fire department (a bureaucratic, quasi-military type organization) (n = 326). Goodness of fit statistics indicate good fit to the observed data. Results show that transformational leadership was associated with lower work alienation, whereas transactional leadership was associated with higher work alienation. Organizational structure was not significantly predictive of work alienation, but was negatively associated with transformational leadership and positively associated with transactional leadership. The significant indirect effects between organizational structure and work alienation, and between organizational structure and transformational leadership, provide further evidence that the leadership style of the organization has a more significant impact on feelings of work alienation than antecedent conditions such as organization rigidity. The study argues that managers as well as leaders need to question bureaucratic orientations to work and manager-employee relations by rethinking their value orientations and adapting new models that encourage individual fulfilment, learning and personal development.

History

Event

British Academy of Management. Conference (2001 : Cardiff, Wales)

Volume

13

Issue

4

Pagination

285 - 304

Publisher

Wiley

Location

Cardiff, Wales

Place of publication

Chichester, Eng.

Start date

2001-09-05

End date

2001-09-07

ISSN

1045-3172

Language

eng

Notes

Prize winning paper

Publication classification

EN.1 Other conference paper

Copyright notice

2002, British Academy of Management

Title of proceedings

British Journal of Management

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