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A Conceptual Framework to Map Responses to Hate Crime, Hate Incidents and Hate Speech: The Case of Australia

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2021, 00:00 authored by Matteo VerganiMatteo Vergani, Rouven LinkRouven Link
Responses to hate crimes, hate incidents and hate speech are characterised by an exceptional fragmentation in terminology and lack of coordination among governmental and non-governmental organisations. This article proposes a new conceptual framework to map the diversity of responses to hate crime, hate incidents and hate speech, with the aim of assessing gaps and needs in this important policy area. Using Australia as a case study, we create and analyse a database of 222 organisations running activities focusing on tackling hate against different target groups. The results highlight an uneven distribution of efforts across different geographical areas, types of activities and target groups. The majority of anti-hate efforts, especially by government organisations, focus on awareness raising and education rather than victim support and data collection. Racial and religious hate are the main foci of anti-hate efforts, compared to other forms of hate, such as anti-LGBTIQ+ and disablist hate.

History

Journal

Social Policy and Society

Pagination

1 - 18

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

Location

Cambridge, Eng.

ISSN

1474-7464

eISSN

1475-3073

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal