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A case study on effect of feed rate on machinability of austempered ductile iron
journal contributionposted on 2013-01-01, 00:00 authored by Ashwin Polishetty, Guy Littlefair, T Pasang
Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) is a type of nodular, ductile cast iron subjected to heat treatments - austenitising and austempering. Whilst machining is conducted prior to heat treatment and offers no significant difficulty, machining post heat treatment is demanding and often avoided. Phase transformation of retained austenite to martensite leading to poor machinability characteristics is a common problem experienced during machining. This case study explains the effect of feed rate on machinability of ADI using cutting force analysis and tool failure analysis. The experimental design consists of conducting drilling trials on grade 1200 and 1400 at constant depth of cut, 25mm; constant speed, 45m/min; no coolant and variable feed rates from 0.2 to 0.35 mm/rev (increment of 0.025mm/rev). Metallography and X-ray diffraction technique was carried out in order to identify and quantify the microstructural phases before and after drilling. The results from the trial infer that the best way to machine ADI efficiently without tool failure is using low feeds and high speeds and without coolant.