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A comparison of the effectiveness and time efficiency of traditional and photographic environmental monitoring techniques

journal contribution
posted on 2017-05-15, 00:00 authored by Wouter Van DongenWouter Van Dongen, R San Martin, Patrick GuayPatrick Guay, Mike WestonMike Weston
Photographic methods of environmental monitoring have grown in popularity and now represent one of the main ways in which habitat and biodiversity are monitored for change through time. However, efficacy and efficiency of this technique compared with traditional approaches to environmental monitoring (direct count or observation) are lacking. This study compares the results and time-efficiency of manual versus photographic monitoring of floral abundance in low-growing flowering plants in a relatively open herbfield. Specifically, we compared 1) manual flower counting of individual plants for four species, followed by data entry in the laboratory, with 2) taking photographic images of each plant and quantifying flower counts in the laboratory. Photographic monitoring underestimated flower counts by an average of 7.5%. Manual counting was more time consuming in the field, but less time consuming in post-processing than photographic monitoring. Overall, photographic monitoring took almost twice as long as manual counting (81.5% longer in duration), which was attributed to the much longer post-processing associated with photographic monitoring. This suggests that perhaps the main benefit of photographic monitoring is a permanent record of the sampling frame rather than any cost savings or enhanced data accuracy, at least in the systems investigated in this study.

History

Journal

Journal of environmental management

Volume

193

Pagination

64 - 69

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0301-4797

eISSN

1095-8630

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2017, Elsevier