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A finite element simulation of micro-mechanical frictional behaviour in metal forming
journal contributionposted on 2003-03-01, 00:00 authored by S Zhang, Peter HodgsonPeter Hodgson, M Cardew-Hall, S Kalyanasundaram
Friction is a critical factor for sheet metal forming (SMF). The Coulomb friction model is usually used in most finite element (FE) simulation for SMF. However, friction is a function of the local contact deformation conditions, such as local pressure, roughness and relative velocity. Frictional behaviour between contact surfaces can be based on three cases: boundary, hydrodynamic and mixed lubrication. In our microscopic friction model based on the finite element method (FEM), the case of dry contact between sheet and tool has been considered. In the view of microscopic geometry, roughness depends upon amplitude and wavelength of surface asperities of sheet and tool. The mean pressure applied on the surface differs from the pressure over the actual contact area. The effect of roughness (microscopic geometric condition) and relative speed of contact surfaces on friction coefficient was examined in the FE model for the microscopic friction behaviour. The analysis was performed using an explicit FE formulation. In this study, it was found that the roughness of deformable sheet decreases during sliding and the coefficient of friction increases with increasing roughness of contact surfaces. Also, the coefficient of friction increases with the increase of relative velocity and adhesive friction coefficient between contact surfaces.