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A meta-analysis of cross sectional studies investigating language in maltreated children

Version 2 2024-06-03, 10:04
Version 1 2015-08-21, 14:45
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 10:04 authored by Jarrad LumJarrad Lum, M Powell, L Timms, P Snow
Purpose: In this review article, meta-analysis was used to summarize research investigating language skills in maltreated children. Method: A systematic search of published studies was undertaken. Studies were included in the meta-analysis if they investigated language skills in groups comprising maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Studies were selected if these 2 groups of children were of comparable age and from a similar socioeconomic background. Results: A total of 26 studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Results from the meta-analysis showed that maltreated children demonstrated consistently poorer language skills with respect to receptive vocabulary (k = 19; standardized mean difference [SMD] = .463; 95% confidence interval [CI; .293, .634]; p < .001), expressive language (k = 4; SMD =.860; 95% CI [.557, 1.163]; p < .001), and receptive language (k = 9; SMD =.528; 95% CI [.220, .837]; p < .001). Conclusion: Together, these results indicate a reliable association between child maltreatment and poor language skills.

History

Journal

Journal of speech, language, and hearing research

Volume

58

Pagination

961-976

Location

Rockville, Md.

ISSN

1558-9102

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Issue

3

Publisher

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association