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A mobile health intervention promoting healthy gestational weight gain for women entering pregnancy at a high body mass index: the txt4two pilot randomised controlled trial
journal contributionposted on 2017-10-01, 00:00 authored by Jane WillcoxJane Willcox, S A Wilkinson, M Lappas, Kylie BallKylie Ball, David CrawfordDavid Crawford, E A McCarthy, B Fjeldsoe, R Whittaker, Ralph MaddisonRalph Maddison, Karen CampbellKaren Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth intervention promoting healthy diet, physical activity and gestational weight gain in pregnant women. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Australian tertiary obstetric hospital. POPULATION: One hundred pregnant women who were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy. METHODS: Women recruited at the first antenatal clinic visit were randomised to either an intervention or a control group. The intervention consisted of a tailored suite of strategies delivered (from first antenatal visit until 36 weeks' gestation) via multiple modalities available on mobile devices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was intervention feasibility and secondary outcomes were objectively measured changes in gestational weight gain (GWG) and self-reported dietary intake and physical activity. RESULTS: Ninety-one women completed the study. Delivery to protocol provides evidence of program feasibility. Most women engaged regularly with the program, with the majority (97.6%) reporting that the intervention was helpful. Secondary outcomes demonstrated a significantly lower GWG in the intervention group (7.8 kg ± 4.7 versus 9.7 kg ± 3.9; P =0.041) compared with the control group at intervention completion. Intervention group women reported significantly smaller reductions in total, light- and moderate-intensity physical activity from baseline to completion of the intervention (P = 0.001) compared with the control group, but no differences in consumption frequencies of key food groups. CONCLUSION: An intervention that aimed to deliver healthy diet, physical activity and GWG guidance utilising innovative technology can be feasibly implemented and produce positive physical activity and GWG outcomes. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: txt4two mHealth study improved gestational weight gain and physical activity in pregnant women with high BMIs.