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A new instrument for targeting falls prevention interventions was accurate and clinically applicable in a hospital setting

journal contribution
posted on 2006-02-01, 00:00 authored by T Haines, K Bennell, Richard Osborne, K Hill
Background and Objective: To describe the diagnostic accuracy and practical application of the Peter James Centre Falls Risk Assessment Tool (PJC-FRAT), a multidisciplinary falls risk screening and intervention deployment instrument.

Methods: In phase 1, the accuracy of the PJC-FRAT was prospectively compared to a gold standard (the STRATIFY) on a cohort of subacute hospital patients (n = 122). In phase 2, the PJC-FRAT was temporally reassessed using a subsequent cohort (n = 316), with results compared to those of phase 1. Primary outcomes were falls (events), fallers (patients who fell), and hospital completion rates of the PJC-FRAT.

Results: In phase 1, PJC-FRAT accuracy of identifying fallers showed  sensitivity of 73% (bootstrap 95% confidence interval CI = 55, 90) and specificity of 75% (95% CI = 66, 83), compared with the STRATIFY (cutoff ≥ 2/5) sensitivity of 77% (95% CI = 59, 92) and specificity of 51% (95% CI = 41, 61). This difference was not significant. In phase 2, accuracy of nursing staff using the PJC-FRAT was lower. PJC-FRAT completion rates varied among disciplines over both phases: nurses and physiotherapists, ≥90%; occupational therapists, ≥82%; and medical officers, ≥57%.

Conclusion:
The PJC-FRAT was practical and relatively accurate as a predictor of falls and a deployment instrument for falls prevention interventions, although continued staff education may be necessary to maintain its accuracy.

History

Journal

Journal of clinical epidemiology

Volume

59

Issue

2

Pagination

168 - 175

Publisher

Elsevier Inc.

Location

New York, N.Y.

ISSN

0895-4356

eISSN

1878-5921

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2006, Elsevier Inc.