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A new model for evaluation of interventions to prevent obesity in early childhood

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Version 2 2024-06-05, 03:58
Version 1 2019-03-13, 10:37
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-05, 03:58 authored by A Hayes, EJ Tan, T Lung, Victoria BrownVictoria Brown, Marj MoodieMarj Moodie, L Baur
Background: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue. In Australia, 1 in 4 children is already affected by overweight or obesity at the time of school entry. Governments around the world have recognized this problem through investment in the prevention of pediatric obesity, yet few interventions in early childhood have been subjected to economic evaluation. Information on cost-effectiveness is vital to decisions about program implementation. A challenge in evaluating preventive interventions in early childhood is to capture long-term costs and outcomes beyond the duration of an intervention, as the benefits of early obesity prevention will not be realized until some years into the future. However, decisions need to be made in the present, and modeling is one way to inform such decisions. Objective: To describe the conceptual structure of a new health economic model (the Early Prevention of Obesity in CHildhood (EPOCH) model) for evaluating childhood obesity interventions; and to validate the epidemiologic predictions. Methods and Results: We use an individual-level (micro-simulation) method to model BMI trajectories and the progression of obesity from early childhood to adolescence. The equations predicting individual BMI change underpinning our model were derived from data from the population-representative study, the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). Our approach is novel because it will account for costs and benefits accrued throughout childhood and adolescence. As a first step to validate the epidemiological predictions of the model, we used input data representing over 250,000 children aged 4/5 years, and simulated BMI and obesity trajectories until adolescence. Simulated mean BMI and obesity prevalence for boys and girls were verified by nationally-representative data on children at 14/15 years of age. Discussion: The EPOCH model is epidemiologically sound in its prediction of both BMI trajectories and prevalence of obesity for boys and girls. Future developments of the model will include socio-economic position and will incorporate the impacts of obesity on healthcare costs. The EPOCH model will help answer: when is it best to intervene in childhood; what are the most cost-effective approaches and which population groups will benefit most from interventions.

History

Journal

Frontiers in Endocrinology

Volume

10

Article number

ARTN 132

Pagination

1 - 9

Location

Switzerland

ISSN

1664-2392

eISSN

1664-2392

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Hayes, Tan, Lung, Brown, Moodie and Baur

Issue

MAR

Publisher

FRONTIERS MEDIA SA