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A review of flight-initiation distances and their application to managing disturbance to Australian birds
journal contributionposted on 2012-01-01, 00:00 authored by Mike WestonMike Weston, E McLeod, D Blumstein, Patrick GuayPatrick Guay
Disturbance - the response of birds to a stimulus such as the presence of a person - is considered a conservation threat for some Australian birds. The distance at which a bird flees from perceived danger is defined as the flight-initiation distance (FID), and could be used to designate separation distances between birds and stimuli that might cause disturbance. We review the known FIDs for Australian birds, and report FIDs for 250 species. Most FIDs are from south-eastern Australia, and almost all refer to a single walker as the stimulus. Several prominent factors correlated with FID are discussed (e.g. body mass and the distance at which an approach begins). FIDs have not been used extensively in the management of disturbance, for a variety of reasons including lack and inaccessibility of available data. We call for standardised data collection and greater application of available data to the management of disturbance.
Pagination269 - 286
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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buffershuman-wildlife conflicthuman-wildlife interactionsescapeflightinessresponseScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineOrnithologyZoologyPLOVER THINORNIS-RUBRICOLLISAVIAN RESPONSESHEART-RATEBEHAVIORAL-RESPONSESENERGY-EXPENDITUREESCAPE DECISIONSBREEDING SUCCESSBUFFER ZONESGROUP-SIZEPENGUINS