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A review on cotton gin trash: Sustainable commodity for material fabrication

journal contribution
posted on 2021-01-25, 00:00 authored by Abu Naser Md Ahsanul Haque, Rechana Chandrasekharan Nair Remadevi, Maryam NaebeMaryam Naebe
Cotton gin trash (CGT), the waste generated from cotton ginning is a low-cost and abundant source of
lignocellulosic material. Effective valorisation of CGT is beneficial from both economical and environmental perspectives. Earlier investigations and reviews on CGT were mostly based on the ethanol and
bioenergy production, and soil amendment properties of CGT. However, due to the low yield in ethanol
preparation, the low heating value of CGT in energy production and reported critical issues in soil
amendment, CGT yet remains as an underutilised material. However, the increasing number of studies in
material science domain showed encouraging prospects of CGT. This includes using CGT as a composite
filler, preparing transparent plastic by combining with polymer, adsorbing dye from wastewater, and
extracting micro and nanocrystalline cellulose for a potential application. Nevertheless, currently, there is
no review available dedicated to the material fabrication viewpoint of CGT. Therefore, this review addresses the current studies of CGT on material production, along with CGT structure and composition.
This study also discusses the rationale of using CGT as a sustainable resource in the cleaner production of
materials and explores the opportunities for future research.

History

Journal

Journal of Cleaner Production

Volume

281

Article number

125300

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Location

Amsterdam, Netherlands

ISSN

0959-6526

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2020, Elsevier