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A review on the sources, occurrence and health risks of per-/poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) arising from the manufacture and disposal of electric and electronic products

Version 2 2024-06-06, 08:36
Version 1 2020-11-04, 07:21
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 08:36 authored by S Garg, P Kumar, V Mishra, Rosanne GuijtRosanne Guijt, P Singh, LF Dumée, RS Sharma
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Electric and electronic waste materials (e-waste) serve as a reservoir of highly persistent and extremely toxic inorganic and organic hazardous materials, including per-/poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) compounds. Besides the electric and electronic industry, PFAS remain an important industrial chemical class because PFAS coating on consumer goods increases their mechanical and thermochemical resistance as well as to tune their liquid repellence properties to oil and water. The release of PFAS from e-waste processing sites and storage landfills into wastewaters was reviewed. It appears that e-waste materials in landfills serve as important nodes for PFAS diffusion to water, soil, hence exerting ecotoxicity on exposed human populations. Evidence from cross-sectional, case-control, and longitudinal studies show that co-occurrence of PFAS and other e-waste toxicants in body fluids and organs of humans act synergistically in causing several health disorders. Based on holistic analyses, the review highlights that PFAS compounds significantly contribute to e-waste pollution, which needs immediate attention from policymakers.

History

Journal

Journal of Water Process Engineering

Volume

38

Article number

ARTN 101683

Pagination

1 - 15

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

2214-7144

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

ELSEVIER