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A systematic review of adaptations and effectiveness of scaled-up nutrition interventions
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-14, 23:28 authored by RL Sutherland, JK Jackson, C Lane, S McCrabb, NK Nathan, Serene YoongSerene Yoong, M Lum, J Byaruhanga, M McLaughlin, A Brown, AJ Milat, AE Bauman, L Wolfenden
Context: Public health nutrition interventions shown to be effective under optimal research conditions need to be scaled up and implemented in real-world settings. Objectives: The primary aim for this review was to assess the effectiveness of scaled-up public health nutrition interventions with proven efficacy, as examined in a randomized controlled trial. Secondary objectives were to: 1) determine if the effect size of scaled-up interventions were comparable to the prescale effect, and; 2) identify any adaptations made during the scale-up process. Data sources: Six electronic databases were searched and field experts contacted. Study selection: An intervention was considered scaled up if it was delivered on a larger scale than a preceding randomized controlled trial ("prescale") in which a significant intervention effect (P ≤ 0.05) was reported on a measure of nutrition. Data extraction: Two reviewers independently performed screening and data extraction. Effect size differences between prescale and scaled-up interventions were quantified. Adaptations to scale-up studies were coded according to the Adaptome model. Results: Ten scaled-up nutrition interventions were identified. The effect size difference between prescale trials and scaled-up studies ranged from-32.2% to 222% (median, 50%). All studies made adaptations between prescale to scaled-up interventions. Conclusion: The effects of nutrition interventions implemented at scale typically were half that achieved in prior efficacy trials. Identifying effective scale-up strategies and methods to support retainment of the original prescale effect size is urgently needed to inform public health policy.
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
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adaptationpublic health nutritionscale-upsystematic reviewDiet TherapyHumansPublic HealthClinical Trials and Supportive ActivitiesClinical ResearchNutritionComparative Effectiveness ResearchPrevention3 Prevention of disease and conditions, and promotion of well-being3.1 Primary prevention interventions to modify behaviours or promote wellbeingMedical and Health SciencesPsychology and Cognitive Sciences