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A two process model of burnout and work engagement: distinct implications of demands and values

journal contribution
posted on 2008-01-01, 00:00 authored by Michael LeiterMichael Leiter
A model of job burnout proposes two distinct processes. The first process concerns balance of demands to resources. A poor balance leads to chronic exhaustion, an integral aspect of the burnout syndrome. The second process concerns the congruence of individual and organizational values. The model proposes that value conflicts have implications for all three aspects of burnout. It also proposes that the impact of value conflicts has only minor implications for the exhaustion aspect of burnout; they are more relevant for the cynicism and inefficacy aspects of the syndrome. The model considers distinct processes at work that concern employees' perception of organizational justice and their trust in leadership. With a sample of 725 nurses, the analysis tested one component of the theory: the extent to which value congruence enhances the prediction of burnout beyond the prediction provided by demands and resources. Future directions are discussed.

History

Journal

Giornale Italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia

Volume

30

Issue

1 Suppl A

Pagination

A52 - A58

Publisher

Aracne Editrice

Location

Rome, Italy

ISSN

1592-7830

eISSN

0391-9889

Language

eng

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article

Copyright notice

2008, PI-ME

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