cahill-abscisicacidsuppression-1989.pdf (931.56 kB)
Abscisic acid suppression of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity and mRNA, and resistance of soybeans to Phytophthora megasperma f.sp. glycinea
journal contributionposted on 1989-01-01, 00:00 authored by E W B Ward, David CahillDavid Cahill, M K Bhattacharyya
Etiolated hypocotyls of the resistant soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) cultivar Harosoy 63 became susceptible to Phytophthora megasperma (Drechs.) f.sp. glycinea (Hildeb.) Kuan and Erwin race 1 after treatment with abscisic acid. Susceptibility was expressed by increases in lesion size and a major decrease in accumulation of the isoflavonoid phytoalexin, glyceollin. In untreated hypocotyls, activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and accumulation of mRNA for this enzyme increased rapidly after infection, but these increases were suppressed in abscisic acidtreated hypocotyls. The results suggest the possibility that biosynthesis of glyceollin in the resistance response of soybeans may be controlled at the transcriptional level by changes in abscisic acid concentrations caused by infection.