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Accelerometer-Based Estimates of Physical Activity and Sedentary Time Among Samoan Adults

journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-09, 03:35 authored by Nicola L Hawley, Parmida Zarei, Scott E Crouter, Mayur M Desai, Alysa Pomer, Anna C Rivara, Take Naseri, Muagututia Sefuiva Reupena, Satupaitea Viali, Rachel DuckhamRachel Duckham, Stephen T McGarvey
Background: The prevalence of obesity-related cardiometabolic disease in Samoa is among the highest globally. While physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for obesity-related disease, little is known about physical activity levels among adult Samoans. Using wrist-worn accelerometer-based devices, this study aimed to characterize physical activity among Samoan adults. Methods: Samoan adults (n = 385; 55% female, mean [SD] age 52 [10] y) wore Actigraph GT3X+ devices for 7 to 10 days. General linear models were used to examine mean daily minutes of sedentary time, light physical activity, and moderate to vigorous physical activity by various participant characteristics. Results: Time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity did not differ statistically between men (88 [5] min; 95% confidence interval [CI], 80–97) and women (78 [4] min; 95% CI, 70–86; P = .08). Women, however, spent more time than men in light physical activity: 380 (7) minutes (95% CI, 367–393) versus 344 (7) minutes (95% CI, 329–358; P < .001). While there were no differences in physical activity by census region, education, or occupation among women, men in urban areas spent significantly less time in moderate to vigorous physical activity than those in peri-urban and rural areas (P = .015). Women with class II/III obesity spent more time in sedentary activities than those with healthy weight or overweight/class I obesity (P = .048). Conclusions: This study characterizes physical activity among Samoan adults and highlights variation by sex, urbanicity, and weight status. In providing initial device-measured estimates of physical activity in Samoa, this analysis establishes a baseline from which the success of future attempts to intervene on physical activity may be assessed.

History

Journal

Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Pagination

1-9

Location

Hanover, PA.

ISSN

1543-3080

eISSN

1543-5474

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Human Kinetics Journal

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