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Acculturation and glycaemic control in Arab immigrants with type 2 diabetes in Australia

Version 2 2024-06-03, 02:43
Version 1 2024-01-24, 04:38
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 02:43 authored by Hamzah Alzubaidi, Vitor H Oliveira, Catarina Samorinha, Kevin Mc NamaraKevin Mc Namara, Jonathan E Shaw
Abstract Aims/hypothesis This study aimed to investigate acculturation’s direct and mediated effects on HbA1c levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes from Arabic-speaking countries that are members of the Arab League who have emigrated to Australia. Methods In this multicentre cross-sectional study, we recruited 382 Arabic-speaking immigrants who were born in any of the 22 countries of the Arab League and who had type 2 diabetes from different healthcare settings in Australia. HbA1c levels were retrieved from medical records. A validated self-report questionnaire was used to assess behavioural and psychosocial outcomes. Acculturation was measured using the General Acculturation Index and the Adherence to Traditional Values tool. We used structural equation modelling to test mediation hypotheses. Results Participants had a mean HbA1c value of 63.9 mmol/mol (8.0%), a low acculturation level (mean±SD: 1.9±0.6; range: 1–5) and highly adhered to traditional values (mean General Acculturation Index value: 3.7±0.7; range: 1–5). Higher HbA1c was associated with lower acculturation levels (Pearson correlation coefficient [r] = −0.32, p<0.01) and higher adherence to traditional values (r=0.35, p<0.01). Self-efficacy, health literacy and self-care activities partially mediated the relationship between acculturation and HbA1c. Conclusions/interpretation Among Arab immigrants in Australia with type 2 diabetes, the degree of acculturation is related to glycaemic control, suggesting possible avenues for new interventions. Graphical Abstract

History

Journal

Diabetologia

Pagination

1-7

Location

Berlin, Germany

ISSN

0012-186X

eISSN

1432-0428

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Springer

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