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Active support, participation and depression

journal contribution
posted on 2010-07-01, 00:00 authored by R Stancliffe, K R McVilly, G Radler, L Mountford, P Tomaszewski
Background
Staff training in Active Support is designed to enable direct support staff to increase the engagement and participation of people with intellectual disabilities in a range of daily activities.

Method
Residents (n = 41) and staff of nine group homes participated. The effectiveness of Active Support was evaluated with a pre-test:post-test design, using a number of standardized assessments and other questionnaires, with group home staff as informants. These assessments were conducted before Active Support training and an average of 6.5 months later.

Results
Following implementation of Active Support residents experienced significant increases in domestic participation and adaptive behaviour. There were significant decreases in internalized challenging behaviour, overall challenging behaviour and depression. There was no significant pre–post change in other forms of challenging behaviour.

Conclusions
Our findings confirm and extend previous Active Support research showing that implementation of Active Support is followed by increased resident participation in activities. The significant improvements in adaptive behaviour, challenging behaviour and depression are of particular interest as the present study is among the first to report such effects. The study’s limitations are discussed.

History

Journal

Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities

Volume

23

Issue

4

Pagination

312 - 321

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing

Location

Malden, Mass.

ISSN

1360-2322

eISSN

1468-3148

Language

eng

Notes

Article first published online: 30 MAR 2010

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal