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Actual and perceived motor competence levels of Belgian and United States preschool children

journal contribution
posted on 01.10.2018, 00:00 authored by A Brian, F Bardid, Lisa BarnettLisa Barnett, F Deconinck, M Lenoir, J Goodway
Purpose:
The present study examined the motor competence of preschool children from Belgium and the United States (US), and the influence of perceived motor competence on actual motor competence. A secondary objective was to compare the levels of motor competence of Belgian and US children using the US norms of the Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition (TGMD-2).

Methods:
All participants (N = 326; ages 4 - 5 years) completed the TGMD-2 and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children.

Results:
Belgian children performed significantly higher on actual object control and locomotor skills than US children. However, both Belgian and US children scored significantly worse on the TGMD-2 when compared to the US norm group from 1997-1998. Furthermore, perceived motor competence was significantly related to actual object control skills but not locomotor skills.

Conclusion:
The present study showed cross-cultural differences in actual motor competence in young children. The findings also indicate a secular downward trend in childhood competence levels, possibly due to a decrease in physical activity and increase in sedentary behavior. Future research should consider conducting an in-depth exploration of physical activity contexts such as physical education to better understand cross-cultural differences in motor competence.

History

Journal

Journal of motor learning and development

Volume

6

Issue

s2

Pagination

S320 - S336

Publisher

Human Kinetics

Location

Champaign, Ill.

ISSN

2325-3193

eISSN

2325-3215

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Human Kinetics, Inc.