Advances in Understanding Vector Behavioural Traits after Infection
journal contributionposted on 2021-01-01, 00:00 authored by Nouman JavedNouman Javed, Asim BhattiAsim Bhatti, Prasad N Paradkar
Vector behavioural traits, such as fitness, host-seeking, and host-feeding, are key determinants of vectorial capacity, pathogen transmission, and epidemiology of the vector-borne disease. Several studies have shown that infection with pathogens can alter these behavioural traits of the arthropod vector. Here, we review relevant publications to assess how pathogens modulate the behaviour of mosquitoes and ticks, major vectors for human diseases. The research has shown that infection with pathogens alter the mosquito’s flight activity, mating, fecundity, host-seeking, blood-feeding, and adaptations to insecticide bed nets, and similarly modify the tick’s locomotion, questing heights, vertical and horizontal walks, tendency to overcome obstacles, and host-seeking ability. Although some of these behavioural changes may theoretically increase transmission potential of the pathogens, their effect on the disease epidemiology remains to be verified. This study will not only help in understanding virus–vector interactions but will also benefit in establishing role of these behavioural changes in improved epidemiological models and in devising new vector management strategies.
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Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineMicrobiologyvector-borne diseasesvector behaviourmosquitoticksPLASMODIUM-YOELII-NIGERIENSISBORNE ENCEPHALITIS-VIRUSBLOOD-FEEDING-BEHAVIORBURGDORFERI SENSU-LATOHOST-SEEKING BEHAVIORANOPHELES-STEPHENSIBORRELIA-BURGDORFERIIXODES-RICINUSANAPLASMA-PHAGOCYTOPHILUMAEDES-ALBOPICTUS