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Age-Oriented Face Synthesis With Conditional Discriminator Pool and Adversarial Triplet Loss
journal contributionposted on 2021-01-01, 00:00 authored by Haoyi Wang, Victor Sanchez, Chang-Tsun LiChang-Tsun Li
The vanilla Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are commonly used to generate realistic images depicting aged and rejuvenated faces. However, the performance of such vanilla GANs in the age-oriented face synthesis task is often compromised by the mode collapse issue, which may produce poorly synthesized faces with indistinguishable visual variations. In addition, recent age-oriented face synthesis methods use the L1 or L2 constraint to preserve the identity information in synthesized faces, which implicitly limits the identity permanence capabilities when these constraints are associated with a trivial weighting factor. In this paper, we propose a method for the age-oriented face synthesis task that achieves high synthesis accuracy with strong identity permanence capabilities. Specifically, to achieve high synthesis accuracy, our method tackles the mode collapse issue with a novel Conditional Discriminator Pool, which consists of multiple discriminators, each targeting one particular age category. To achieve strong identity permanence capabilities, our method uses a novel Adversarial Triplet loss. This loss, which is based on the Triplet loss, adds a ranking operation to further pull the positive embedding towards the anchor embedding to significantly reduce intra-class variances in the feature space. Through extensive experiments, we show that our proposed method outperforms state-of-the-art methods in terms of synthesis accuracy and identity permanence capabilities, both qualitatively and quantitatively.
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Pagination5413 - 5425
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Age-oriented face synthesisgenerative adversarial networksmode collapsetriplet lossScience & TechnologyTechnologyComputer Science, Artificial IntelligenceEngineering, Electrical & ElectronicComputer ScienceEngineeringFacesGeneratorsTask analysisAgingTrainingGamesPERCEPTIONGROWTHArtificial Intelligence and Image Processing