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Age and Sex Differences in Rates of Influenza-Associated Hospitalizations in Hong Kong
journal contributionposted on 2023-11-02, 03:44 authored by XL Wang, L Yang, KH Chan, KP Chan, PH Cao, EHY Lau, JSM Peiris, CM Wong
Few studies have explored age and sex differences in the disease burden of influenza, although men and women probably differ in their susceptibility to influenza infections. In this study, quasi-Poisson regression models were applied to weekly age- and sex-specific hospitalization numbers of pneumonia and influenza cases in the Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China, from 2004 to 2010. Age and sex differences were assessed by age- and sex-specific rates of excess hospitalization for influenza A subtypes A(H1N1), A(H3N2), and A(H1N1)pdm09 and influenza B, respectively. We found that, in children younger than 18 years, boys had a higher excess hospitalization rate than girls, with the male-to-female ratio of excess rate (MFR) ranging from 1.1 to 2.4. MFRs of hospitalization associated with different types/subtypes were less than 1.0 for adults younger than 40 years except for A(H3N2) (MFR = 1.6), while all the MFRs were equal to or higher than 1.0 in adults aged 40 years or more except for A(H1N1)pdm09 in elderly persons aged 65 years or more (MFR = 0.9). No MFR was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05) for hospitalizations associated with influenza type/subtype. There is some limited evidence on age and sex differences in hospitalization associated with influenza in the subtropical city of Hong Kong.
Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePublic, Environmental & Occupational Healthage distributionhospitalizationinfluenzarisk assessmentsexCRITICALLY-ILL PATIENTSUNITED-STATESIMMUNE-RESPONSESHAND HYGIENERISK-FACTORSA H1N1VIRUSMORTALITYINFECTIONA(H1N1)AdolescentAdultAge DistributionAgedChildChild, PreschoolFemaleHong KongHospitalizationHumansInfantInfant, NewbornInfluenza A Virus, H1N1 SubtypeInfluenza A Virus, H3N2 SubtypeInfluenza, HumanMaleMiddle AgedPoisson DistributionSex DistributionYoung AdultPneumonia & InfluenzaEmerging Infectious DiseasesInfectious DiseasesAgingInfluenzaInfection